Vitamins are substances vital for the normal functioning of the body. Everyone needs these elements, but with diabetes, the need for them increases dramatically. Therefore, doctors can recommend the patient to take special vitamin and mineral complexes. Moreover, the choice of vitamins has its own specifics.
This article particularly discusses the need for vitamins for Diabetic patients.
To combat this problem, a whole range of measures is used, including physical exercise, diet and vitamin therapy, taking medications, and other methods that are prescribed by a doctor. With all the necessary measures, enough vitamins and minerals, you can achieve a condition that is equivalent to a cure for type II diabetes.
Also, the need to take vitamins is due to a number of other reasons:
What vitamins are especially important for maintaining the health of a patient with diabetes?
Each of these elements is essential for the body:
- Alpha-lipoic acid and gamma lipoic acid: Both of these substances help people with diabetes cope with diabetic neuropathy, i.e. protect nerve endings from damage.
- Biotin: It works in conjunction with insulin in the body. Biotin is known to increase the activity of a specific enzyme the glucokinase. The first step in glucose utilization is not possible without the active contribution of Glucokinase. Glucokinase is found only in the liver, and in diabetic patients, its concentration can be extremely low. Biotin supplementation can have a significant impact on glucose levels for diabetics.
- Carnitine: Essential for the body to use fat properly for energy production. Diabetic people who receive carnitine take it well, and blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels may decrease. Carnitine is believed to be helpful due to two reasons. One is to deal with the fatty acids in the body. The second is to handle the acyl residues. For these reasons, it is able to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis.
- Coenzyme Q10: A compound that occurs naturally in the body and is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates. Clinical trials using coenzyme Q10 show that supplements can significantly lower blood sugar levels. Coenzyme Q10 also oxygenates the blood and may help in some cases of diabetic retinopathy.
- Inositol: It is an important part of several key body processes, including the health of cell membranes and blood cholesterol levels. In addition, inositol can help to reverse the effects of diabetic neuropathy.
- Manganese. Manganese deficiency is common in diabetics. Some scientists believe that it is indeed the cause of diabetes. Manganese may be a key factor in how enzymes in the body regulate glucose metabolism.
- Potassium. The introduction of insulin into the body and the treatment regimen used by many diabetics can cause potassium deficiency. By adjusting their diet, people with diabetes can improve their insulin sensitivity (refers to type II diabetes) and its effectiveness
- Vanadium. Vanadium supplements can lead to a slight increase in insulin sensitivity and therefore may allow diabetic patients to reduce the amount of insulin they need to control their blood sugar. Studies in animals and humans have proven a link between vanadium levels and normal blood glucose levels.
- Vitamin B6. Neuropathy – Serious damage to the nervous system due to high blood sugar levels, may be associated with a deficiency in vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine. Vitamin A can improve glucose sensitivity, especially in those with gestational diabetes (diabetes that occurs during pregnancy). Vitamin B6 also plays an important role in preventing diabetes-related complications.
- Vitamin B12. May play an important role in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy. The presence of vitamin B 12 is essential for the proper functioning of nerve cells. In extreme cases, it is necessary to take a course of B12 injections to replenish the deficit and protect the nerves.
- Vitamin C. In type II diabetes, vitamin C may play a role in improving glucose tolerance.
- Vitamin D. A vital vitamin. It has a complex metabolic chain, in which the sun plays an important role. Able to increase insulin sensitivity.
- Vitamin E. It is able to improve blood oxygen saturation, fight toxins, and increase insulin activity in the body. When there is not enough vitamin E in the body, cells in the body can be damaged by increased exposure to free radicals. Adequate amounts reduce the risk of developing type II diabetes and reduce the risk of developing diabetic complications.
- Chromium. Takes part in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism, increases the sensitivity of cells to insulin.
- Zinc. Essential for insulin synthesis. And, in addition, the substance is a fairly strong antioxidant.
- Magnesium. Increases insulin sensitivity, protects the cardiovascular system, regulates blood pressure.
Things to Consider while taking vitamins for Diabetes
Increasing insulin sensitivity can only help people with type 2 diabetes. But this does not mean at all that with type 1 diabetes you do not need to get a full complex of vitamins.
Instructions for use
Vitamins should be used in accordance with the instructions for use. If there are no special indications, you need to take the drug once a day after meals, 1 capsule, or dragee. It is advisable to do this in the morning.
Uncontrolled intake can cause hypervitaminosis and a number of side effects (nausea, vomiting, lethargy). If such symptoms appear, you should immediately stop taking the drug and seek medical help.
Duration of vitamin therapy
The duration of vitamin therapy for patients with diabetes mellitus is 1 month. You can take 2 treatment courses per year.
Vitamin complexes for diabetics
There is no shortage of such products in pharmacies today. But not all of them are suitable for diabetics. For example, the preparation may contain glucose and sugar. Patients who also have cardiovascular disease should not take medications that contain guarana, ginseng, or other blood pressure-increasing components. In general, various factors are taken into account when choosing a drug, including age, gender, and the presence of other diseases.
Sugar, Overweight, and Insulin Myths
Myths about infection, amputation, and sports
The danger is posed by cases of unplanned pregnancy against the background of high blood glucose levels in the first three weeks of pregnancy when the organs of the unborn child are being formed. That is why it is very important for a woman with diabetes to use reliable methods of contraception and to approach the issue of pregnancy planning with all responsibility
Diabetes patients should be encouraged to take part in sports
Diabetes patients should be encouraged to take part in sportspeople with this disease need regular physical activity to improve their well-being. Of course, when choosing a physical activity, one should take into account the presence of contraindications. There are no absolute contraindications to exercise in diabetics. However, it is better to consult before starting exercise. with a doctor. It is very important to avoid hypoglycemia.
Today it is impossible to completely cure diabetes mellitus, but it can be controlled in order to live a full life.
“If you learn about the risk of the disease in a timely manner, you can try to prevent it. In many cases, lifestyle changes could stop or slow down the development of type 2 diabetes.